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Docker nginx安装与挂载 Docker nginx安装与配置挂载的方法

Radom7   2021-03-30 我要评论

在Docker下载Nginx镜像

docker pull nginx
docker images

创建挂载目录

mkdir -p /data/nginx/{conf,conf.d,html,logs}

编写nginx,conf配置文件并放在文件夹中

# For more information on configuration, see:
#  * Official English Documentation: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
#  * Official Russian Documentation: http://nginx.org/ru/docs/

user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/nginx.pid;

# Load dynamic modules. See /usr/share/nginx/README.dynamic.
include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;

events {
  worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
  log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
           '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
           '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

  access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;

  sendfile      on;
  tcp_nopush     on;
  tcp_nodelay     on;
  keepalive_timeout  65;
  types_hash_max_size 2048;

  include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
  default_type    application/octet-stream;

  # Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
  # See http://nginx.org/en/docs/ngx_core_module.html#include
  # for more information.
  include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

  server {
    listen    80 default_server;
    listen    [::]:80 default_server;
    server_name 182.254.161.54;
    root     /usr/share/nginx/html;

    # Load configuration files for the default server block.
    include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

    location / {
    proxy_pass http://pic; 
    }

    error_page 404 /404.html;
      location = /40x.html {
    }

    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
      location = /50x.html {
    }
  }

  upstream pic{
        server 182.254.161.54:8088 weight=5;
        server 182.254.161.54:8089 weight=5;
  }

}

启动容器

复制代码 代码如下:
docker run --name mynginx -d -p 82:80  -v /data/nginx/conf/nginx.conf:/etc/nginx/nginx.conf  -v /data/nginx/logs:/var/log/nginx -d docker.io/nginx

查看启动的容器

docker ps 

先前已经在Docker部署两个tomcat一个是8088端口另一个是8089端口并进入两个容器里编写了简单的页面

访问8088端口

访问8089端口

现在通过Nginx访问两个tomcat的内容实现负载均衡的功能出于区别更能体现负载均衡的功能两个页面的内容不一样但是访问路径都一样只是通过Nginx反向代理去轮换访问


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